List of ethnic groups in Vietnam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vietnam is a multi-ethnic country with over fifty distinct groups (54 are recognized by the Vietnamese government). Many of the local ethnic groups are known collectively as Montagnard or Degar.


Alphabetical list

  1. Kinh (also called Viet, the largest ethnic group in Vietnam)
  2. Bahnar (Ba Na)
  3. Buyei (Bo Y)
  4. Brau
  5. Bru-Van Kieu (Bru Van Kieu)
  6. Cham – Descendants of the Champa kingdom in southern Vietnam
  7. Cho Ro
  8. Chru (Chu Ru)
  9. Chứt – related to Vietnamese, only 2000-4000 people
  10. Co
  11. Co Ho
  12. Co Lao
  13. Co Tu
  14. Cống (Cong)
  15. Dao – Yao people, also known as Mien, many speak Iu Mien language, distant relatives of Hmong
  16. E De (Rhade)
  17. Giay
  18. Gie Trieng
  19. Hani (Ha Nhi)
  20. Hmong (Mong, H’Mong) – Also known as Miao in China
  21. Hoa (Chinese)
  22. H’re (Hre)
  23. Jarai (also spelled Gia Rai or J’rai)
  24. Khang
  25. Khmer Krom (Khmer)
  26. Kho Mu
  27. La Chi
  28. La Ha
  29. La Hu
  30. Lao – People from Laos
  31. Lô Lô (Lo Lo, Yi)
  32. Lu
  33. Ma
  34. Mang
  35. Mnong (M’nong)
  36. Muong – Closest to Kinh Vietnamese, other half of Viet-Muong language family
  37. Ngái
  38. Nung
  39. O Du
  40. Pa Then
  41. Phu La
  42. Pu Peo
  43. Raglai (Ra Glai)
  44. Ro Mam
  45. Sán Chay (San Chay, Shan)
  46. Sán Dìu (San Diu)
  47. Si La
  48. Sedang (Xơ-đăng, Xo Dang)
  49. Stieng (Xtiêng)
  50. Tà Ôi (Ta Oi)
  51. Tày (Tay) – The largest minority in Vietnam
  52. Thái (Thai)
  53. Khmer  – Related to Kinh Vietnamese
  54. Xinh-mun (Xinh Mun)


Listed by language group

  1. Mon-Khmer – Ba Na, Brau, Bru Van Kieu, Cho Ro, Co, Co Ho, Co Tu, Gie Trieng, Hre, Khang, Khmer, Kho Mu, Ma, Mang, M’nong, O Du, Ro Mam, Ta Oi, Xinh Mun, Xo Dang, Xtieng, Chut, Kinh, Muong, and Tho.
  2. Tay-Thai – Bo Y, Giay, Lao, Lu, Nung, San Chay, Tay, and Thai
  3. Tibeto-Burman – Cong, Ha Nhi, La Hu, Lo Lo, Phu La, and Si La
  4. Malayo-Polynesian – Cham, Chu Ru, E De, Gia Rai, and Ra Glai
  5. Kadai – Co Lao, La Chi, La Ha, and Pu Peo
  6. Mong-Dao – Dao, H’Mong, and Pa Then
  7. Han – Hoa, Ngai, and San Diu



  • 1999 Census results
  • Socioeconomic Atlas of Vietnam Jump to: navigation, search